Where solar energy?

The amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth's surface in an hour and a half is enough to manage the entire world's energy consumption for a whole year.


technologies convert sunlight into electrical energy by means of photovoltaic (PV) panels or mirrors that concentrate solar radiation. This energy can be used to generate electricity or be stored in batteries or thermal storage.

solar energy

is energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy.

Solar energy is the cleanest and most abundant source of renewable energy available, and the U.S. It has some of the richest solar resources in the world. Solar technologies can harness this energy for a variety of uses, including generating electricity, providing light or a comfortable indoor environment, and heating water for domestic, commercial or industrial use. Solar energy, radiation from the Sun capable of producing heat, causing chemical reactions or generating electricity.

The total amount of solar energy incident on Earth far exceeds the current and anticipated energy needs of the world. If properly utilized, this highly diffuse source has the potential to meet all future energy needs. In the 21st century, solar energy is expected to become increasingly attractive as a renewable energy source due to its inexhaustible supply and non-polluting character, in stark contrast to finite fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas). Read on to dig a little deeper into the use of solar energy around the world.

China leads the way in installed photovoltaics, with the United States and Japan in second and third place in installed solar capacity, respectively. Solar radiation produced by solar energy is abundant all over the world, but some places are more suitable for photovoltaic solar panels than others. For example, it makes more sense to use the energy of the sun in places where the sun shines all year round, such as in deserts. Where there is more sun, there are more possibilities to add solar technologies to the utility energy mix.

Some of the countries with the most sunlight make the list of top 10 solar capacities, such as Australia and India, but there is certainly untapped potential in Africa and South America. Many of the countries in the world that have the most installed solar energy per capita do not necessarily have high levels of solar insolation. Government and state incentives play an important role in making solar energy affordable. For solar energy to succeed, governments must support the shift from the energy industry to renewable energy.

A good example of this is the state of New Jersey. Not the sunniest state in the U.S. UU. In recent years, China's solar panel capacity has increased exponentially.

It has grown to become the largest solar market in the world and it is estimated that by 2024, China will have 370GW of solar energy installed, twice what the U.S. While this growth is impressive and admirable, China will have to continue to ease its dependence on coal power generation to be seen as a true leader in renewable energy. Europe has been encouraging the growth of renewable energy for years and plans to boost renewables to improve its post-COVID-19 economic recovery. In addition, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom and France currently occupy the top positions in terms of capacity of solar parks or agrovoltaic systems.

To reduce CO2 emissions, European Union countries plan to extract most of their electricity from renewable sources by 2050, with solar energy as the main source of energy. In addition to the federal solar tax credit, individual states offer local incentives to install residential solar systems. They are also beginning to adopt solar energy for their low-cost energy production and job creation, and are beginning to incorporate solar power plants into their energy mix. California remains at the forefront of growth of solar photovoltaic systems in the U.S.

And it is one of the best states to install solar energy. But now, other states are catching up, including Texas, Utah, Florida, New York, Massachusetts and Rhode Island. It is projected that by 2024, there will be an average of 1 solar installation per minute in the US. The island nation has even created floating “solar islands” with thousands of water-resistant solar panels.

Surprisingly, the United Kingdom is the seventh largest producer of solar energy in the world; after China, the US. USA, Japan, Germany, India and Italy. While the government often offers reduced taxes to individuals and businesses that use solar energy, and technology can eliminate electricity bills, the initial cost is too high for many to consider. Unfortunately, although solar energy itself is free, the high cost of its collection, conversion and storage still limits its exploitation in many places.

Vietnam's success during the year was driven by a government policy that encouraged investment in solar energy by guaranteeing producers a price above the market. More recently, some solar power towers use liquid sodium, which has a higher heat capacity and retains heat for a longer period of time. With a background in environmental and geological sciences, Jacob brings an analytical perspective and passion for conservation to help solar energy buyers make the right energy choices for their pocket and the environment. Of course, these factors alone cannot predict the solar production potential of an individual installation.

Solar radiation can be converted into thermal energy (heat) or electrical energy, although the former is easier to achieve. Over the years, the United States has come a long way in positioning itself as a leader in solar energy production, along with China, India, Japan and Vietnam. Flat-plate solar thermal and photovoltaic (PV) collectors can utilize global solar radiation, which includes diffuse (scattered) and direct solar radiation. Among the most common devices used to capture solar energy and convert it into thermal energy are flat plate collectors, which are used for solar heating applications.

Utilities are also building large solar power plants to provide power to all grid-connected customers. Looking at the map above, it's no surprise that many areas near the equator have relatively higher photovoltaic potential given the amount of sunlight they receive throughout the year, the high angle of the sun, and the lack of snow and ice to reflect solar radiation back into space. That said, the speed at which solar panels generate electricity varies depending on the amount of direct sunlight and the quality, size, number and location of the panels in use. .